- Life expectancy: 1 – 2 years
- Weaning: 18 – 21 days
- Breeding: 6 weeks
- Pregnancy: 19 – 21 days
- Litter size: 7 – 11
- Adult body weight: 20 – 60g
Mice are a rodent animal. They can make ideal pets due to their small size, ease of care & quiet nature.
They can be very interactive & sociable animals who readily accept human companionship. They can become very used to handling, especially if handling is started at a young age. Mice can come in a variety of coat colours & coat lengths.
- Mice can be housed in a range of cage types. Provide a cage as large as possible and ensure that it is easy
- to clean & well ventilated
- Ensure that the area that they’re kept in will not become too hot as they are prone to heat stress
- Regularly clean the cage & change their bedding to avoid ammonia build up
- Suitable bedding materials include shredded newspaper or pelleted recycled paper ‘cat-litter’. Mice love to burrow, so make sure a good thickness of bedding is provided
- Make certain that the cage is predator proof
- Provide overturned boxes for ‘hiding’ places
- Use dripper type water bottles. Water bowls are likely to become soiled
- Mice are sociable animals, consider housing at least 2 together (paired females tend to get on better than paired males). They can also be housed in colonies.
- Mice can usually be handled quite easily. Pick them up by gently placing your hand(s) under them & be sure to support the full length of their body
- They can also be gently picked up from the base of their tails
- Encourage daily handling & play/explore time outside of their cage but beware their ability to scurry away!
- Mice should be provided with daily exercise & mental stimulation to avert obesity & boredom
- Be sure to wash your hands after handling your mice
- Mice are omnivores (they eat plant & animal material). They will eat a wide variety of food if offered
- Mice can be offered small amounts of good quality mouse/rat pellets (ensure they have a protein content of at least 16% & fat content of 4-5%) & ad lib fresh fruits & vegetables daily. Some examples of these include; Fruit & Vegies: apples, pears, banana, melons, stone fruits, citrus fruits, broccoli, cabbage, brussel sprouts, endive, carrots, Bok Choy/other Asian greens, celery, parsley, berries, tomato, fresh corn, beans, peas
- Avoid feeding mice a seed/grain mix. Mice are very prone to becoming obese & malnourished on these mixes. They tend to ‘select’ their favourite bits in the mix
- Treats (should only be offered in very small amounts!) Cereals, grains, seeds, breads, biscuits, sweets, cooked pasta & rice, breakfast cereals, chocolate!
Health and Veterinary Care
- Have any newly acquired pet mouse checked by a vet, especially if you intend to mix the mouse with others. Thereafter have them checked at least annually
- At home you should always monitor closely your mice food intake, body condition, eyes, ears, mouth, feet & toileting behaviour
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